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Hardware Scenarios

WHY THE AMS SYSTEM?

The AMS System improves circuit safety and race control decisions by allowing one individual to oversee and control the entire race circuit. Furthermore, the AMS System’s revolutionary automated proximity flagging means that approaching vehicles are notified of incidents instantaneously and without human interaction, cutting down incident flagging response time to zero.

The AMS System’s GNSS high precision timing does not require any timing markers or loops to be embedded into the track, meaning no modifications to the track are required.

PRODUCT BENEFITS

The AMS System uses its revolutionary localised radio network to transmit safety, tracking and timing information to race control and other vehicles in real time. All competition and circuit support vehicles are fitted with a small AMS System unit. The unit notifies race control with the vehicle location, G-force, orientation and accident type. Approaching vehicles’ units display automatic proximity flagging using their driver/rider interface.

THE AMS SYSTEM UNIT

The AMS System has been developed to be integrated within a number of display options for use across different sports and vehicles. It can be integrated within existing Motorsport display options or as a stand alone display unit.

The AMS System unit transmits radio messages to race control and other competition and support vehicles, allowing safety information to be processed in real-time. As well as reporting to race control , the AMS System unit creates internal logs of second-by-second data including, time, location, speed, bearing, g-forces, safety status, communication logs and more.

These logs are recoverable via USB for accident analysis, penalty judgement and investigative purposes.

• In-vehicle safety notification via high intensity LEDs, OLED panel and/or audible earpiece.
• Internal logging for accident analysis, penalty judgements and forensic investigations.
• Proximity warnings to incidents.

AMS Base Station

• Sends data to race control via radio.
• Receives positional updates for the in-car unit at 10Hz.
• Receives and transmits data to the in-car AMS System units.
• Displays race control interface.

AMS System Unit Display Functions

THE REMOTE DISPLAY

A small OLED display, most suitable for use on bikes and smaller vehicles. Full screen and only displays flag colours and titles when a flag is active.

THE OLED DISPLAY

Integrated within the Aim MXP dash display. With CAN output the AMS can send flags and alerts direct to the vehicle display. Most suitable for use in cars. Full screen display shows flag colour and title.

THE MYCHRON5 DISPLAY

Integrated within the Aim Mychron 5 display. Most suitable for use in karts or on small bikes. The shift lights double up as a LED bar display showing flag colours as flashing LEDs.

*These are examples of the display options available for the system. Various alternative display options are also available including simple LED bar only displays.

AMS SYSTEM OVERVIEW

The AMS System allows communication directly between every vehicle to give officials instant real time information. The system has been designed to automate warnings to the competitor (and anyone else who has the system fitted) relating to any incident.

EXAMPLE SCENARIO:

1. A competitor stops or has an impact whilst within the pre-defined ‘hot-zone’.
2. The AMS System’s algorithms will detect this and automatically show on the dash display a Yellow Flag to any competitors within a pre-defined time or distance behind the stricken vehicle.
3. Once a competitor has passed the slowed vehicle, a Green Flag will automatically be displayed on the dash, providing there are no other obstructions in range within the ‘hot-zone’.

The system has been designed to be automated, but it should be recognised that this is an addition to existing safety personnel; is an advisory system rather than a control system. Warnings and alerts can be overridden by Race Control as required.

As seen in the left image above, the AMS System unit is fitted in the driver’s view in a competition vehicle. Te right image shows the AMS System is flashing amber to notify the driver that there is a hazard ahead.

BENEFITS OF REAL-TIME VEHICLE STATUS AWARENESS

  • Real-Time vehicle tracking of all vehicles fitted with the AMS System
  • Millisecond Timing, including splits and sectors as required.
  • Alerts when a vehicle has been involved in an impact, the exact location and timing using advanced algorithms.
  • Algorithms have the ability to report the type of impact and likely injuries
  • Any change in a vehicle’s speed or direction of travel seen as abnormal will flag an alert to competitors and officials

AUTOMATED FLAGGING FUCTIONALITY

Flags can be generated by artificial intelligence or race control, race control can then alter or cancel flag conditions. Flag conditions, updates and cancellation of flags are instantly displayed via AMS’s  in-vehicle hardware to notify drivers. Race control displays are used to verify flags and where they are applicable.

The AMS system features an automated flagging system to assist race marshals, the key features of this are:

  • All flags are instantly displayed on display hardware installed within vehicles.
  • Flags are either generated automatically via AI decisions or manually via race control.
  • Flags can be cancelled by being overridden by race control at any point during a race.
  • Race control displays are used to confirm when required flags have been transmitted and display which competitors they are
  • applicable to.
  • Confirmation of flag compliance and non-compliance is displayed to race control.
  • Any flag infringements are logged by the system for post-race analysis.

NORMAL RACE CONDITIONS

Displayed in vehicle as solid green OLED panel with text GREEN FLAG or as solid green LED’s on light bar; green flag displayed as vehicle leaves affected sector or as flag is cancelled.

Displayed in vehicle as solid green OLED panel with text GREEN FLAG or as solid green LED’s on light bar; green flag displayed as vehicle leaves affected sector or as flag is cancelled.

Deactivation: Race control at end of green flag lap, or time based after exiting affected flagged sector.

YELLOW FLAG SINGLE WAVED

DANGER – SLOW DOWN SUFFICIENTLY TO ENSURE FULL CONTROL OF VEHICLE CAN BE MAINTAINED. NO OVERTAKING.
Displayed in vehicle as solid yellow OLED panel with text SINGLE YELLOW or as solid yellow LED’s on light bar; green flag displayed as vehicle leaves affected sector or as flag is cancelled.

Trigger: Automated trigger from vehicle sensors or manual trigger via race control; marshals can request race control trigger via app.

Automatic Validation: via software in race control to ensure the following has been complied with (parameters can be set for trigger of validation failure).

YELLOW FLAG DOUBLE WAVED

GREAT DANGER – SLOW DOWN CONSIDERABLY. BE PREPARED TO CHANGE FROM THE PROJECTED RACING LINE OR TAKE OTHER EVASIVE ACTION. STOP IF NECESSARY.

Displayed in vehicle as fast flashing yellow OLED panel with text SINGLE YELLOW or as fast flashing yellow LED’s on light bar; green flag displayed as vehicle leaves affected sector or as flag is cancelled.

Trigger: Automated trigger from vehicle sensors or manual trigger via race control; marshals can request race control trigger via app .

Automatic Validation: Via software in race control to ensure the following has been complied with (parameters can be set for trigger of validation failure).

SLIPPERY SURFACE FLAG

Displayed in vehicle as solid yellow and red striped OLED panel with text SLIPPY SECTOR or as solid yellow and red LED’s on light bar; green flag displayed as vehicle leaves affected sector or as flag is cancelled.

Trigger: Manual trigger via race control; marshals can request race control trigger via app

RED FLAG

IMMEDIATELY CEASE DRIVING AT RACING SPEED AND PROCEED SLOWLY, WITHOUT OVERTAKING, AND WITH MAXIMUM CAUTION TO THE PITS OR STARTLINE OBEYING MARSHAL’S INSTRUCTIONS. BE PREPARED TO STOP SHOULD THE TRACK BE BLOCKED

Displayed in vehicle as solid red OLED panel with text RED FLAG or as solid red LED’s on light bar; green flag displayed as vehicle leaves affected sector or as flag is cancelled.

Trigger: Manual trigger via race control; marshals can request race control trigger via app.

Automatic Validation: Via software in race control to ensure the following has been complied with (parameters can be set for trigger of validation failure).

WHITE FLAG

ADVISORY FLAG.

Displayed in vehicle as flashing white OLED panel with text SLOW VEHICLE or as flashing white LED’s on light bar; green flag displayed as vehicle leaves past the slow moving vehicle. 

Trigger: Automated trigger from vehicle sensors or manual trigger via race control; marshals can request race control trigger via app.

BLUE FLAG

ADVISORY FLAG.
Displayed in vehicle as solid blue OLED panel with text BLUE FLAG or as solid blue LED’s on light bar.

Trigger: AI algorithm based, AI decides whether the vehicle behind is gaining at such a speed that an overtake is likely. This is simply a be observant of your mirrors indicator.

BLACK & ORANGE FLAG

RETURN IMMEDIATELY TO THE PITS TO HAVE THE PROBLEM RECTIFIED.

Displayed in vehicle as black screen with orange ball in centre on OLED panel with text MECHANICAL FAULT or as flashing blank and orange LED’s on light bar.

Trigger: Manual trigger via race control; marshals can request race control trigger via app.

Automatic Validation: Via software in race control to ensure the following has been complied with (parameters can be set for trigger of validation failure).

CHEQUERED FLAG

Displayed in vehicle as fast flashing white and black chequers OLED panel with no text or as fast scrolling white and black LED’s on light bar.

Trigger: Manual trigger via race control or automated based on race duration.

SAFETY CAR (PHYSICAL)

ALL COMPETITORS MUST FORM A ‘CROCODILE’ BEHIND THE SAFETY CAR WHICH IS TRAVELLING AT A CONSIDERABLY REDUCED PACE. NO OVERTAKING.

Displayed in vehicle as slow flashing purple OLED panel with text SC or as slow flashing purple LED’s on light bar; green flag displayed as safety car conditions are cancelled and the safety car crosses pit lane entry line.

Trigger: Manual trigger via race control.

Automatic Validation: Via software in race control to ensure the following has been complied with (parameters can be set for trigger of validation failure).

VIRTUAL SAFETY CAR (CODE 60)

COMPETITORS MUST TRAVEL WITHIN THE SPEED LIMIT SET BY THE ORGANISERS DURING THE VIRTUAL SAFETY CAR PERIOD. NO OVERTAKING.

Displayed in vehicle as slow flashing purple OLED panel with text SC or as slow flashing purple LED’s on light bar; green flag displayed as virtual safety car conditions are cancelled.

Trigger: Manual trigger via race control.

Automatic Validation: Via software in race control to ensure the following has been complied with (parameters can be set for trigger of validation failure).

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